A balance ought to be stroke between allowing the freedom of an individual and the enforcement of all the lawful laws of the society. In defining a given system it is necessary to look beyond formal documents and expressed ideals to actual behavior. They serve the national, not local government and are subject to civilian control at the higher levels.
Nigerians from all walks of life must come to the aid of the police in terms of community participation, prompt and timely information to get at the men of the underworld. New information extractive technologies [examples given below] are making it possible to have a society in which significant inroads are made on liberty, privacy and autonomy, even in a relatively nonviolent environment with democratic structures in place.
In recent decades subtle, seemingly less coercive forms of control have emerged such as video surveillance, computer dossiers, and various forms of biological and electronic monitoring and behavioral and environmental manipulations.
For example until recently South Africa had many of the trappings of a democratic society for white citizens, but its policing was highly undemocratic.
A defining characteristics of police is their mandate to legally use force and to deprive citizens of their liberty. President James Madison argued that "you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.
These include socialization to norms, a desire to have others think well of us, reciprocity, self-defense and the design of the physical environment.
There is a paradox in the fact that a democratic society needs protection both by police and from police. With the formation of modern states with clear national borders beginning in the 18th century, policing became concerned with internal security and the prevention of public dangers.
The idea of a democratic police includes content as well as procedure. Yet they may also undermine democracy. There is no formal Bill of Rights, yet in principal police have no power beyond that of the ordinary citizen and police are unarmed.
To do their job effectively many police believe that they cannot know too much about the community, and they dare not know too little. So, if their candidates wins they are above the law or the law is only made to suite their whims and caprices.
It also offers great temptations for abuse. For example police accountability might be enhanced by the video-taping of all police encounters with citizens. New technologies may help control police. It is easier to specify democratic procedures than democratic content.
To those who disagree with those laws, police behavior will not appear neutral since it is on behalf of the regime in power. When opponents of democracy operate within the law police have an obligation to protect their rights, as well as the rights of others. President James Madison argued that the government must be able to control the governed and also control itself.
Responsibility for controlling it is shared among the Home Office of the national government, a local police authority and the head of the local force.
Courts through the exclusionary rule attempt to control police behavior by excluding illegally gathered evidence.The present arrangements for the governance of the police 12 Proposals for reform 26 The concept of democracy leading role in the initial stages of the English study, and later carried out the Democracy and policing.
The Role Of Police In A Democracy. By. Ishaq Salihu. [email protected] Universally it has been accepted that democracy is the only system of governance that, guarantees the freedom of people and the police as an only institution to protect and curtail the citizenry’s excesses.
The police are important in a democratic society because they provide for the rule of law, which enhances civic trust and helps maintain social order.
Equality under the law is a basic principle of a democratic society.
Democracies require high le. Role of the Police in Democratic Society (Broader than mere “function”) Police as the guarantor in Protecting Human Rights of Citizens—Civil and Political The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly.
Video: Role of Police in Democratic Societies The police work to keep everyone safe and keep order in society through law enforcement agencies that work to prevent crime and apprehend offenders.
This Article explores the connections between ideas about American democracy and ideas about the police. I argue that criminal procedure jurisprudence and scholarship on the police over the past half-century have roughly tracked, in a delayed fashion, developments in democratic theory over the same.Download